Updated: May 15
My theory that Mystery Babylon is Perg'amum, Turkey.
1). Wilderness does not mean "desert" in Hebrew as Joel Richardson states in his book "Mystery Babylon: Unlocking the Bible's Greatest Prophetic Mystery". This is Joel's main premise for Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
I will state here, at one time I also agreed with this concept that Mystery Babylon was Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
But, after further review and years of studying this topic, I find this theory to be lacking in biblical evidence. That I can present another theory or concept that equally compelling or at least has merit or value to add to the conversation of who or what Mystery Babylon really is.
Heb. midhbar, denoting not a barren desert but a district or region suitable for pasturing sheep and cattle ( Psalms 65:12 ; Isaiah 42:11 ; Jeremiah 23:10 ; Joel 1:19 ; 2:22 ); an uncultivated place.
Wilderness is denoted not a barren desert but a district or region suitable for pasturing sheep or cattle; an uncultivated place.
2). There are many teachings in the Biblical community on Mystery Babylon and who or what she is.
Is Mystery Babylon a city?
Is Mystery Babylon a country?
Is Mystery Babylon a region or area of land?
Is Mystery Babylon the beast system?
Just what or who is Mystery Babylon?
Many of the main street theories are that Mystery Babylon is Mecca - Saudi Arabia, Rome, NY - USA, Iraq – Old Babylon, or even Jerusalem. Most are not a part of the 10-horn Muslim region as stated in Ezekiel 38-39, that the whore sits on. Pergamos, Turkey is.
Only Iraq – Old Babylon, would be part of the geography of the 7 Kingdoms in the Book of Daniel 7-12 or even Ezekiel 38-39 or Daniel 2, 7 & 8.
Old Babylon Iraq is not Mystery Babylon during end days or latter days.
This would be like referring to Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 as Antichrist.
They are not the same and they are easy to determine why they are not.
Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 is buried in a dirt grave in Hamon-Gog (Ezekiel 39:15-16) with his armies for 7-months. They burn the weapons for 7-years, eluding to a 7-year tribulation period coming. That a city will rise from this carnage and destruction called Hamonah. And that this alone will disprove that Gog and Antichrist are not the same creatures. Antichrist only perishes in the Lake of Fire in Rev. 19:20 & Rev. 20:10. Also, these armies that attack the camps of the Saints, that are from Great Tribulation, are consumed by God's hand by fire Rev. 20:9. Not buried in a dirt grave in northern Israel called Hamon-Gog for 7 months. This is why these people of these armies, do not see the 2nd death and are not judged in the Book of Life or are either placed in the Lake of Fire with Antichrist, The False Prophet, or Satan (Rev. 20:10). That Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 can not be the same as Gog in Rev. 20:8.
Nowhere in the Bible does it ever say Antichrist is buried in a dirt grave or in the ground in a dirt grave for flesh or of flesh.
Ezekiel 39:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog and all his multitude: and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog.
12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.
13 Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord God.
14 And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search.
15 And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog.
16 And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.
These two events; Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 and Gog of Rev. 20:7-10 are not the same and they are named differently for a reason. Just as Old Babylon and Mystery Babylon are not the same places in the middle east.
B). The weapons and fuels from this (Sorrows & Birth Pains) Seals war and the destruction of these 10-horn Muslim nations in Ezekiel 38-39 are burnt for 7 years, eluding to the 7-year Tribulation & Great Tribulation period.
Ezekiel 39:9 And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years:
10 So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord God.
Matthew 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)
Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Daniel 11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
1st of all we must know the phase or time that we are actually in the end or latter days.
Sorrows or Birth Pains - This period is from the time our Lord Jesus breaks the 1st Seal in the Book of Revelation in Rev. 6:1, to the Signing of the Covenant of Death (7-Year Peace Treaty with the nations/peoples & Antichrist). Once the signing occurs, Tribulation starts and lasts 1260 days to Desolation of Abomination (Rev. 11:1).
Tribulation - This period is from the Signing of the Covenant of Death (7-Year Peace Treaty with Nations/Antichrist) to the Abomination of Desolation event on God’s Seat, the Temple Mount (Rev. 11:1). This period is 1260 Days, 3 1/2 years, or 42 months in length. Once Antichrist proclaims to be God of God’s this will then start Great Tribulation (Rev. 11:7).
Great Tribulation - This period is from the time Antichrist proclaims to be God of God’s on the Temple Mount and commits Abomination of Desolation (Rev. 11:7) on God’s Seat in Jerusalem to the finishing of the 7th bowl judgment (Rev. 16:17).
3). The Whore of the World, “Satan’s Bride or Mystery Babylon” will be destroyed on the 5th bowl event in Revelation 16:10.
4). Isaiah 21 is about the wrath of God destroying the Seat of Satan on the 5th Bowl during the bowl phase or God’s wrath. Rapture of both the dead and living occurs on the 7th Trumpet, so the Elect/Saints/Martyrs will not be here for this.
5). John writes to the church of Pergamos. Jesus says the Seat of Satan is here at Pergamos (Revelation 2:12).
God tells us that he has a special judgment for Pergamos, Turkey - the 5th Bowl.
Revelation 16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
Why would God have a specific judgment for this place if it does not matter?
God will allow Satan to exalt his bride (Pergamos, Turkey) to the whole world and all commerce will go through here as the world gathers to exalt Antichrist.
I believe that this is an extremely important statement is made to the church of Per'gamum. The angel of Jesus tells us that this place is the "Seat of Satan or Satan's Bride and/or Satan's Place of Power".
Rev. 2:12 “And to the angel of the church in Per′gamum write: ‘The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword. 13 “‘I know where you dwell, where Satan’s throne is; you hold fast my name and you did not deny my faith even in the days of An′tipas* my witness, my faithful one, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. 14 But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice immorality. 15 So you also have some who hold the teaching of the Nicola′itans. 16 Repent then. If not, I will come to you soon and war against them with the sword of my mouth. 17 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who conquers I will give some of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, with a new name written on the stone which no one knows except him who receives it.’
*"An'tipas my witness" -
Meaning (like the father ), martyr at Pergamos, ( Rev. 2:13 ), and according to tradition the bishop of that place. (A.D. before 100.) This statement then redirects us to Rev. 17:6 and 18:24 that this city contains the blood of the saints and prophets in it.
According to Christian tradition, in the year 92 Saint Antipas, the first bishop of Pergamum ordained by John the Apostle, was a victim of an early clash between Serapis worshippers and Christians. An angry mob is said to have burned Saint Antipas alive in front of the Temple inside a brazen bull-like incense burner, which represented the bull god Apis. His martyrdom is one of the first recorded in Christian history, highlighted by the Christian Scripture itself through the message sent to the Pergamon Church in the Book of Revelation.
The brazen bull, bronze bull, or Sicilian bull, was allegedly a torture and execution device designed in ancient Greece. According to Diodorus Siculus, recounting the story in Bibliotheca historica, Perillos of Athens invented and proposed it to Phalaris, the tyrant of Akragas, Sicily, as a new means of executing criminals. The bull was said to be made entirely out of bronze, hollow, with a door in one side. According to legends the brazen bull was designed in the form and size of an actual bull and had an acoustic apparatus that converted screams into the sound of a bull. The condemned were locked inside the device, and a fire was set under it, heating the metal until the person inside was roasted to death. Some modern scholars question if the brazen bull ever really existed, attributing reports of the invention to early propaganda.
The Romans were reputed to have used this torture device to kill some Christians, notably Saint Eustace, who, according to Christian tradition, was roasted in a brazen bull with his wife and children by Emperor Hadrian. The same happened to Saint Antipas, Bishop of Pergamon during the persecutions of Emperor Domitian and the first martyr in Asia Minor, who was roasted to death in a brazen bull in 92 CE. The device is claimed to have still been in use two centuries later, when another Christian, Pelagia of Tarsus, is said to have been burned in one in 287 CE by the Emperor Diocletian.
The Catholic Church discounts the story of Saint Eustace's martyrdom as "completely false".
Per'gamum was a main hub of commerce
Pergamon or Pergamum (/ˈpɜːrɡəmən/ or /ˈpɜːrɡəmɒn/; Ancient Greek: Πέργαμον), also referred to by its modern Greek form Pergamos (Greek: Πέργαμος), was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Mysia. It is located 26 kilometres (16 mi) from the modern coastline of the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern-day Bakırçay) and northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey.
During the Hellenistic period, it became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty in 281–133 BC, who transformed it into one of the major cultural centres of the Greek world. Many remains of its impressive monuments can still be seen and especially the outstanding masterpiece of the Pergamon Altar. Pergamon was the northernmost of the seven churches of Asia cited in the New Testament Book of Revelation.
When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome. This was challenged by Aristonicus who claimed to be Attalus III's brother and led an armed uprising against the Romans with the help of Blossius, a famous Stoic philosopher. For a period he enjoyed success, defeating and killing the Roman consul P. Licinius Crassus and his army, but he was defeated in 129 BC by the consul M. Perperna. The kingdom of Pergamon was divided between Rome, Pontus, and Cappadocia, with the bulk of its territory becoming the new Roman province of Asia. The city itself was declared free and was briefly the capital of the province, before it was transferred to Ephesus.
The city is centered around a 335-metre-high (1,099 ft) mesa of andesite which formed its acropolis. This mesa falls away sharply on the north, west, and east sides, but three natural terraces on the south side provide a route up to the top. To the west of the acropolis, the Selinus River (modern Bergamaçay) flows through the city, while the Ketios river (modern Kestelçay) passes by to the east.
In 362 BC, Orontes, satrap of Mysia, based his revolt against the Persian Empire at Pergamon, but was crushed. Only with Alexander the Great was Pergamon and the surrounding area removed from Persian control. There are few traces of the pre-Hellenistic city, since in the following period the terrain was profoundly changed and the construction of broad terraces involved the removal of almost all earlier structures. Parts of the temple of Athena, as well as the walls and foundations of the altar in the sanctuary of Demeter go back to the fourth century.
The Library of Pergamon was the second largest in the ancient Greek world after the Library of Alexandria, containing at least 200,000 scrolls. The location of the library building is not certain. Since the 19th century excavations, it has generally been identified with an annex of the northern stoa of the sanctuary of Athena in the Upper Citadel, which was built by Eumenes II. Inscriptions in the gymnasium which mention a library might indicate, however, that the building was located in that area.
6). Satan and all nations (heathen left after the rapture) will lash out at the Whore as they are being judged by God during the bowl phase and the destruction of Mystery Babylon on the 5th bowl during God’s wrath (Rev. 16:10-11).
7). Pergamos is only 26 km from the Aegean Sea. Michael throws a boulder into the sea and destroys it. There are many island communities around the Aegean Sea that will be affected and see this happen. Mecca, Saudi Arabia is around 80 km to the Red Sea and Jeddah which is the closest port on the Red Sea.
8). Pergamos will be the new hub of the world. Satan will whore out his bride, Pergamos - The Seat of Satan, to the nations. In contrast, Jesus’s bride is Jerusalem.
9). It tells us in Revelation 18:23 that the bridegroom and the bride shall be heard of no more. 5th and 6th Bowl event or the destruction.
10). Pergamos was freed by Alexander the Great from the Persians (Iran) around 362 BC.
11). Pergamos was under Roman control after Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC. Many of the Saints and Prophets died here as martyrs during Roman control and in the past.
12. The Judgement of Mystery Babylon is the 1st thing mentioned in Revelation 17 and is the 5th bowl event in Revelation 16:10.
13. Revelation 14:8 states that she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath (5th Bowl) of her fornication."
14. Pergamos Turkey, as well as the Temple Mount, will be rebuilt after Antichrist appears. This will happen between the 6th Trumpet when Antichrist appears, and Abomination which is at the 3 ½ year mark just prior to Great Tribulation.
Revelation 16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast (Pergamos, Turkey); and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, Revelation 16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. (5th Bowl)
Revelation 2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges (Jesus – 7th Trumpet); 13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. 14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. 15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate. 16 Repent; or else I (Jesus – 7th Trumpet) will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
Isaiah 21:9 And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground. (5th Bowl)
Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen (Isaiah 21:9 & Revelation 14:8), and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. Revelation 18:8 Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.
Revelation 18:10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour (15 days) is thy judgment come (5th Bowl). (Isaiah 21:9 & Revelation 18:2) 11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: 12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, 13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men. 14 And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. 15 The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, 16 And saying, Alas, alas that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! 17 For in one hour (15 Days) so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off, 18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city! 19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate. 20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her. 21 And a mighty angel Michael took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. 22 And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee; * VERY IMPORTANT * - PERGAMOS, TURKEY – MYSTERY BABYLON – SATAN’S BRIDE 23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived. (Rev. 18:23). 24 And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth. (Isaiah 21:9 & Revelation 18:24)
Revelation 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen (Isaiah 21:9 & Revelation 18:2), that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. 9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, 10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he (Antichrist) shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: (7 Bowls God’s wrath).
Revelation 17 King James Version (KJV)
(Chapter 17, 18, 19 are Judgement of Babylon)
17 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters: (Mystery Babylon) 2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication. 3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
- The 7 Heads & 10 Horns-Crowns of the Beast Kingdom. (From Daniel’s interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (Statue)).
Revelation 17:11 – The beast that was, and now is not, is himself an 8th king. He belongs to the other 7 and is going into destruction.
- Seven Heads = 7 Kingdoms (Past Kingdoms transform into Present Kingdoms that are stated in Daniel 2, 7 & 8).
1st Kingdom – Egyptian.
2nd Kingdom – Assyrian.
3rd Kingdom – Gold Head – Babylon – Iraq (Lion).
4th Kingdom – Silver Shoulders – Medo-Persia – Iran – Shia (Bear).
5th Kingdom – Bronze Waist – Grecian Empire including Turkey (Leopard).
6th Kingdom – Iron Legs – Rome – Two Divisions – Eastern & Western.
7th Kingdom – Feet of Clay & Iron – Radical Islam - Ottoman Empire.
Turkey (Erdoğan) leads the 10-horn nations of Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 that will attack Israel in Latter or End Days.
- Gog of Ezekiel 38-39 is Erdoğan of Turkey.
- Erdoğan-Gog is the White Horseman or 1st Seal of Revelation.
- Erdoğan-Gog will become the new Ottoman Emperor & be given the crown of the White Horseman after the destruction of Iran-Kurds in Daniel 8.
- Erdoğan-Gog & his armies (10-horns) will die and be buried in Hamon-Gog for 7 months (Ezekiel 38:11-16).
- This is the fatal wound and will be healed when Erdoğan-Gog dies on the 6th Seal and is resurrected into Antichrist on the 6th Trumpet.
(Rev. 13:3) (Isaiah 14:11-20).
- From this death and chaos, of the 10-horn Muslim nations, 4 regions will form (based on Daniel 8:22 & Zech. 1:18-21).
8th Kingdom will rise, subdue the 3 other regions and from this will come the Little Horn – Antichrist (Daniel 8:23).
* (Diversified Beast Kingdom from the 3 kingdoms above Iraq (Lion), Iran (Bear) & Turkey (Leopard)).
4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: 5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration. (Martyrs from 5th Seal & 144,000 Elect from tribulation killed) 7 And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou marvel? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten horns. (Mystery Babylon – Islamic Kingdoms – Gog & 10 nations or 1st Seal & White Horseman). 8 The beast (7 Islamic Kingdoms including Gog & 10 nation horde) that thou sawest was, and is not (dead Gog on 6th Seal); and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit (Beast of the Sea – 6th Trumpet – 2nd Woe), and go into perdition (resurrected Gog - Antichrist): and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder (42 months), whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. 9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains (Islamic kingdoms), on which the woman sitteth. 10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. (Gog – 1st Seal - White Horseman – 7th Kingdom) (Antichrist will be the 8th Kingdom – 42 months). 11 And the beast that was (Islam - Gog & 10 nation horde), and is not (dead Gog – Ottoman Empire), even he is the eighth (Antichrist), and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition. (6th Trumpet – 2nd Woe – Antichrist rises).
• IS THIS A RESURRECTED GOG-ERDOGAN OR IS THIS ANOTHER PERSON FROM TURKEY?
12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings (Gog & 10 nation horde), which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. (Daniel 7:8). (Gog will give 10 nations 15 days to attack Israel prior to God killing them on the 6th Seal as stated in Ezekiel 38-39). 13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast (Antichrist). 14 These shall make war with the Lamb (Jesus), and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. (7th Trumpet - 3rd Woe – Jesus returns). 15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. 16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. (Destruction of Babylon). 17 For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled. 18 And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth. (Mystery Babylon).
Revelation 14:8 And another angel followed, saying, "Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath (5th Bowl) of her fornication."
Mystery Babylon is destroyed on the 5th Bowl.
Antichrist & False Prophet are forced into the Lake of Fire on the 6th Bowl.
Satan (Groom) and Pergamos, Turkey (Bride).
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